The first target for Chemical Facility Anti-terrorism Standards department was of course, big industry and high risk facilities where chemicals are used or manufactured. Once they were able to secure these, they worked down to the smaller companies and they carry some big ammunition. Fines for non-compliance can be as high as $25,000 per day. Anti-terrorism department employs inspectors to check for non-compliance with the CFATS rules and the proliferation of the program is certain. It is a real concern for the certain small industrial power washing business owner whose entire livelihood could be crippled by just one day’s worth of fines.
CFATS department published a report of “Chemicals of Interest” in November 2007 which detailed particular chemicals. These COI are to be monitored by facilities and if they should exceed the allowable amount of each chemical, they must notify DHS using a form called a “top screen.”
After complying with the completion of the top screen form, Chemical Facility Anti-terrorism Standards department will evaluate the facility for possible risk. If determined to be a high risk, or covered, the facility will enter the next phase of investigation by Anti-terrorism department. The facility in question must submit a Security Vulnerability Assessment to Anti-terrorism department detaining the standards and practices of the company. They are also required to develop a Site Security Plan and submit that as well. If Chemical Facility Anti-terrorism Standards department approves your paperwork, you will be given a letter of Authorization to continue to operate, but be prepared to be further scrutinized by compliance.
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